FEW FACTS ABOUT THE CITY ‘MOHENJO DARO’ BEFORE WE WATCH THE FILM
The trailer of the much awaited film Mohenjo Daro, starring Bollywood Megastar Hrithik Roshan, was released recently and opened to rave reviews. It enthralled the audiences with magnificence of the Indus Valley civilisation, but many are curious about what is Mohenjo Daro. The film, ‘Mohenjo Daro’ is set in 2016 BC in the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro in the era of the Indus Valley civilisation and here are a few facts about the great Indus Valley civilisation that you might want to know about before watching the film.
The City of Mohenjo daro
The words ‘Mohenjo Daro’ literally translate to ‘the mound of the dead’ in Sindhi. The historical city’s original name is not Mohenjo Daro. Nobody knows what the real name is, as the Harrappan scripture has still not been deciphered!
This ancient city was discovered in 1922
When a few Indus Valley sites and cities like Harappa and Lothal were excavated in 1922, the city of Mohenjo-daro was also among them, and that is when the name came to be. Archaeologist Rakhaldas Bandhyopadyay a.k.a R. D. Banerji was working at the Sindh province, when he noticed certain high mounds, with pottery, flint scrapers, beads, seals, stone blades scattered all around them. This was then followed by a large-scale excavation which led to the discovery of a large city built of fired and mortared bricks.
Mohenjo-daro was designated a UNESCO World heritage Site in 1980
Mohenjo-daro was one of the most prosperous, and planned cities of the the Indus Valley Civilization, a contemporary of (and even superior to) the Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. In its prime, Mohenjo-daro had a population of over 35,000. After the city was rediscovered in 1922, more significant excavations were conducted, and in 1980, Mohenjo-daro became a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which led to further excavations.
The Great Bath of Mohenjo-daro was the father of all bath-houses
The ‘Great Bath’ of Mohenjo Daro was 8 feet deep, 23 feet wide public bathing pool. It was made of bricks that were polished to be made waterproof with tar along with a steam bath and hot-air heating system. Staircases on each side lead down to the pool, and there were small changing rooms and bath rooms surrounding this great structure, probably to cleanse oneself before use of the pool. The Great Bath may have been used for religious purification purposes.
Directed by Ashutosh Gowariker, writer-director of the Oscar-Nominated Lagaan, Mohenjo Daro stars Hrithik Roshan and introduces Pooja Hegde along with Kabir Bedi and Arunoday Singh. Presented by UTV Motion Pictures and Ashutosh Gowariker Productions, and produced by Siddharth Roy Kapur and Sunita Gowariker, the film will release worldwide on 12 August, 2016.
Watch the trailer here: